Our research focuses on plant genome evolution, ranging from the evolution of plant chromosome numbers and incidence of polyploidy, to detailed analyses of the composition of plant chromosomes and genomes. Of special interest are analyses of the dynamics of genomic changes following hybridization and polyploidization. Our research includes aspects of phylogeny and systematics, as well as genomics and genetics. We focus explicitly, but not exclusively, on the evolution of the repetitive DNA fraction of the genome which encompasses dispersed transposable elements and various tandem repeats such as telomeric motifs, rDNAs and satellite DNAs.

Chromosome number and structure dynamics are important to speciation and evolution. Application of high-throughput sequencing technologies in concert with fluorescence in situ hybridization allows us to study chromosome evolution in systems with highly dynamic chromosome numbers. Of special interest are supernumerary B chromosomes (Bs) and supernumerary chromosomal segments (SCSs).

Polyploidy is particularly important in plant evolution. We focus on identifying parental origin of polyploids and use a comparative approach to study genome evolution following auto- and allopolyploidization. We also develop novel approaches to infer the age of allopolyploids, which are used for calibrating the dynamics of the evolution of their repetitive DNA fraction.

Repetitive DNA represents the most dynamic fraction of plant genomes. Both dispersed transposable elements and tandemly repeated satellite DNAs are important drivers of genome size and chromosome structure evolution in plants. Their dynamic evolution is correlated with high levels of divergence even among among closely related taxa. We utilize high-throughput sequencing and graph-based clustering approaches, in addition to experimental approaches, for characterization and inferring the patterns of the evolution of repetitive elements in various plant genomes.

Our research is also reflected in teaching at bachelor, master and PhD levels.



Recent Publications

McCann J, Macas J, Novak P, Stuessy TF, Villaseñor J, Weiss-Schneeweiss H (2020) Differential genome size and repetitive DNA evolution in diploid species of Melampodium sect. Melampodium (Asteraceae). Frontiers in Plant Science 11: 362. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00362.

Choi B, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Temsch E, So S, Myeong HH, Jang TS (2020) Genome size and chromosome number evolution in Korean Iris L. species. Plants 9: 1284. DOI: 10.3390/plants9101284.

Stuessy TF, Weiss-Schneeweiss H (2019) What drives polyploidization in plants? New Phytologist 223: 1690­–1692. DOI: 10.1111/nph.15929.

Mlinarec J, Skuhala A, Jurković A, Malenica N, McCann J, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Bohanec B, Besendorfer V. (2019) The repetitive DNA composition in the natural pesticide producer Tanacetum cinerariifolium: interindividual variation of subtelomeric tandem repeats. Frontiers in Plant Science 10:613.

Vestek A, Slovák M, Weiss-Schneeweiss H,  Temsch EM, Lukovic J, Kucera J, Anackov G (2019) Morpho-anatomical differentiation and genome size variation in three ploidy levels within the B7 cytotype of Prospero autumnale (Hyacinthaceae) complex from the Balkan Peninsula and Pannonian Basin. Plant Systematics and Evolution DOI: 10.1007/s00606-019-01581-7. 

Kolano B, McCann J, Oskedra M, Chrapek M, Rojek M, Nobis A, Weiss-Schneeweiss H (2019) Parental origin and genome evolution of several Eurasian hexaploid species of Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae). Phytotaxa 392: 163-185.

Urtubey E, Tremetsberger K, Baeza CM, López-Sepúlveda P, König C, Samuel R, Weiss-Schneeweiss H, Stuessy TF, Ortiz MA, Talavera S, Terrab A, Ruas CF, Matzenbacher NI, Muellner AN, Guo Y-P (2019) Systematics of Hypochaeris section Phanoderis (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). Systematic Botany Monographs 106.

Halamski A. T., Dunkel F. G., Temsch E. M. (2019) Ranunculus kobendzae - a new species of the Ranunculus auricomus complex (Ranunculaceae) from Central Poland. Annales Botanici Fennici 56: 123-134.

Kyrkjeeide M. O., Hassel K., Shaw B., Shaw A. J., Temsch E. M., Flatberg K. I. (2019) Sphagnum lydiae a new species in Sphagnum subgenus Acutifolia (Sphagnaceae) from boreal and arctic regions of North America. The Bryologist 122: 038-061.